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Chichawatni

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Chichawatni


72,261

Time zone
  
PST (UTC+5)
Latitude
Longitude
30°32'N
72°42'E


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Chichawatni (Template:Lang-ur) is a city in the Sahiwal District of the Pakistani province of Punjab.[1] Situated near the Grand Trunk Road, it lies approximately Template:Convert from the district capital, Sahiwal.[2] In 2007, Chichawatni's population was estimated at approximately 120,000.

Geography

Main article: Chichawatni/Geography

History

Main article: Chichawatni/History

From the beginning of the 7th century Rajput Bhatti kingdoms dominated Eastern portions of Pakistan and northern India. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of some western Punjab region. Eastern Regions of Punjab from Multan to the Rawalpindi in north (Including region of present-day Faisalabad) remained under Rajput rule until 1193. The Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire later ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire invaded and occupied Sahiwal District. The Muslims faced restrictions during the Sikh rule.Template:Citation needed During the British Raj, Chichawatni was reputedly transformed from a small Punjabi village into a relatively modern city by infrastructure investment and planning decrees, starting in 1918.Template:Citation needed At the time of the independence in 1947, many aristocratic Indian Muslim families migrated from Punjab towns like Ludhiana, Jallandhar, Amritsar and Firozpur, and settled in towns like Chichawatni, shaping the city's present-day Muslim elite. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Sahiwal District.

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Economy

Main article: Chichawatni/Economy

Articles about Chichawatni

References

  1. Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sahiwal – Government of Pakistan. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2012-03-04.
  2. Location of Chichawatni. Falling Rain. Retrieved 2012-02-11.

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